Thursday, 26 March 2015

Sony fast-tracks a ROBOTECH live-action movie

In a surprise move, Sony has acquired the film rights to the Robotech franchise and has fast-tracked a live-action film based on the property. They are hoping to develop a big-budget franchise which will attract old-school fans of the original animated series as well as a newer, younger audience.

Robotech was developed in the early 1980s by producer Carl Macek and his team at Harmony Gold. They bought three separate, unrelated Japanese anime series - Super Dimensional Fortress Macross, Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross and Genesis Climber MOSPEADA - and, through careful editing and dubbing, transformed them into one epic story unfolding across three generations. Airing for the first time in 1985, the Robotech TV series and the subsequent novels by James Luceno and Brian Daley (writing as Jack McKinney) and the roleplaying game by Palladium Books all became extremely popular. Combined with the arrival of Akira later in the decade, Robotech helped pave the way for the growth of the anime business in the United States.

However, the franchise has also proven controversial. In Japan, Macross became an enormously successful franchise in its own right and has spawned a large number of sequel and prequel series, including Macross Plus, Macross 7, Macross Zero and the non-canon Macross II. Harmony Gold has blocked any of these series from being officially released in the USA, not wanting to dilute the Robotech brand. Harmony Gold's own attempts to continue the franchise - most recently through the Shadow Chronicles animated film and an eyebrow-raising attempt at crowdfunding a new series - have floundered in comparison. Harmony Gold blocking the export of one of the most successful and popular anime franchises of all time to the USA, not to mention the release of the original, unedited Macross, has earned it the ire of many anime fans.

There are also significant legal obstacles to overcome. The original Japanese creators of Macross won a court case securing the live-action film rights to most of the franchise. This means that the American film cannot use storylines, characters or mecha originating from Macross. Or to put it another way, this is going to be a Robotech film without the Veritech fighters, Rick Hunter, SDF-1 or Minmei. Needless to say, the exercise sounds completely pointless.

It could be that Sony have a masterplan in mind where they strike a deal with the original Japanese creators of Macross, possibly getting licensing rights to the story in return for allowing the Macross franchise to be released in the United States. Otherwise, the appeal of a Robotech movie which can't use any iconic Robotech characters, vehicles or locations is questionable, to say the least.

Also of concern is the talent being assembled for the film. Previously Tobey Maguire, Akiva Goldsman, Lawrence Kasdan and Leonardo DiCaprio had all been attached to the project when it was being developed at other studios. However, this new take is being helmed by producers Gianni Nunnari and Mark Canton, whose only works of note are 300 and The Immortals, with the script in the hands of Michael Gordon (300, GI Joe). The presence of Harmony Gold producers also does not bode well for any attempt to secure licenses to use the classic characters and vehicles from the Japanese creators of Macross (who have long resented Harmony Gold for preventing the release of their series in the States).

Whether this project can be a success given everything that is stacked against it is highly questionable. But there is quite a good and strong story at the heart of Robotech/Macross that would resonate strongly with a modern audience, if it can be told in an entertaining way.

Sunday, 22 March 2015

Gameplay footage for SWORD COAST LEGENDS

Sword Coast Legends is a forthcoming computer roleplaying game set in the Forgotten Realms world and using a modified version of the new rules for the 5th edition of Dungeon and Dragons. Below is a 10-minute video showing some of the single-player campaign.

Sword Coast Legends is the first official 'big', single-player focused CRPG for the franchise since 2007's Neverwinter Nights 2 and its well-received expansions, Mask of the Betrayer and Storm of Zehir. Of subsequent games, Daggerdale (2011) was a short, quickie action title whilst Neverwinter (2013) was an MMORPG. Sword Coast Legends is being marketed as a spiritual successor to the Baldur's Gate, Icewind Dale and Neverwinter Nights series and, if successful, may open the floodgates for more D&D CRPGs, so there is a quite a lot riding on its success.

It also looks like the game has taken some cues from recent crowdfunding successes, such as last year's Divinity: Original Sin and Wasteland 2, and Pillars of Eternity which comes out this week. On the plus side, the graphics look reasonable, the interface seems clean and logical (a bit of a relief after embracing Wasteland 2's cheerfully click-mad interface for over 50 hours) and the game has an old-school feel. On the minus side, the dialogue is pretty risible and the voice acting is not stellar at this point. Hopefully those can be addressed before release.

As well as a single-player campaign of uncertain length, the game will also feature a multiplayer mode allowing a player to create new campaigns and work as the Dungeon Master, similar to features in the Neverwinter Nights games.

Sword Coast Legends is being targeted for a late 2015 release at a budget price point, and so far is a PC exclusive.

Gratuitous Lists: Best Space Battles

There are two key ingredients to the perfect space opera. The first is successfully evoking a  sensawunda: the scale of the cosmos, the ingenuity of the technological developments required to space interstellar distances and the majesty of the universe. The second is to have really, really big spaceships which, at a dramatically appropriate moment, explode.

Here is a list of what I think are the best space battles of SFF TV and film are over the years, listed in no particular order but with my favourite one at the end.

Babylon 5: The Battle of Gorash VII
Season 2, Episode 20: The Long, Twilight Struggle
Airdate: 1 August 1995

Babylon 5 was the first SF show to feature 100% CGI spaceship shots and space battles. Scepticism from more established shows (who preferred to use models, although they were more complicated, limited and expensive) was replaced by them rushing to embrace computer models after Babylon 5 pioneered the concept.

The first two seasons had many, many great space battles but the most emotionally draining one came at the climax of the Narn-Centauri War. The Centauri Republic learned that the Narn Regime was going to attack their supply depot on Gorash VII and cut their supply lines leading into Narn space, forcing a temporary stalemate. The Centauri chose to instead launch a full-scale assault on the Narn homeworld using mass drivers to propel asteroids into the planet's surface and lay it waste. The defence of Gorash VII was handled by the Centauri's redoubtable allies instead, the powerful Shadows. What made this battle more interesting was a greater use of tactics: the Narn use long-range energy mines to try to disrupt the Shadow attack and later concentrate their fire on one of the Shadow ships to cripple it (the first hint in the series that the Shadows aren't completely invulnerable). In addition to Foundation Imaging's brilliant visuals, Christopher Franke (ex-Tangerine Dream) also delivered a killer score fit for the occasion.

Babylon 5: The Battle of Babylon 5
Season 3, Episode 10: Severed Dreams
Airdate: 1 April 1996

Babylon 5 was also the first show to feature a pre-planned (if not in quite as much detail as claimed at the time) five-year story arc which had several major paradigm shifts for the concept and format built into it. The biggest of these came at almost exactly halfway through the show. Having spent a season and a half covertly investigating the murder of the Earth Alliance President, the crew of the Babylon 5 station inadvertently force his tyrannical successor to declare martial law across the Alliance. In the resulting chaos, the colonies on Mars and Proxima III break away and are subjected to retaliatory bombings and air strikes. As full-scale civil war erupts, two rebel Omega-class destroyers take refuge at Babylon 5 and are cornered by pursuing forces. The crew of B5 are finally forced to make a stand.

This was a hugely important moment for the show and it delivered in spades. Unfortunately, the above video is the only decent one I can find online and omits the ending of the battle, when newly-arrived reinforcements almost force the station to surrender but Minbari cruisers led by Ambassador Delenn force them to retreat or be destroyed (and risk plunging Earth into an interplanetary war with a race who wiped the floor with them last time).

Later seasons would also feature large-scale space battles, but they lost a little something when Foundation Imaging was controversially fired from the show at the end of the third season. Netter Digital, who replaced them, showed considerably less care and attention to details (such as the proper Newtonian movement of the ships in 3D space). As computing power increased Netter also adopted a bit of a George Lucas approach to everything, chucking in tons of ships and beams in lieu of keeping things clear and well-directed. But for the first three seasons, the space battles were very cool indeed.

Firefly: Reavers vs. the Alliance
Release date: 22 August 2005

Firefly wasn't really a show about space battles, mainly because the series is set in the aftermath of a civil war and failed rebellion and was more about surviving when your cause is taken from you. However, Joss Whedon wisely decided to cut loose in the big-budget movie spin-off. The battle is well-directed and excellently scored, but works because the tiny Serenity (which probably couldn't survive more than a couple of direct hits from any of the Reavers or Alliance's weapons) is just try to get through the blockade to reach the broadcasting centre. This makes the battle more of a chaotic backdrop to the real tension of the scene and this works pretty well. The above video omits the horrifying climax to the battle, the scene which is definitive proof that Joss Whedon is evil.

Mass Effect: The Battle of Earth
Mass Effect 3
Release date: 6 March 2012

Most video games featuring space battles have you actually taking part in them, which is a different type of list altogether. The Mass Effect trilogy is different in that the spaceships are merely a way of getting around from place to place, with the in-game battles being set on planetary surfaces or on space stations. For the conclusion of the trilogy, however, BioWare went all-out to produce a CGI firestorm for the moment when the alliances Commander Shepherd (i.e. you) had spent three games and 60-odd hours assembling finally engages the Reapers over the surface of occupied Earth. It's nicely done, especially considering that the course of the battle varies depending on your in-game actions. Spend a lot of time carefully honing your forces and getting every upgrade possible and your fleet does a lot better. Skimp out on upgrades and maybe fail to get every faction on board, and your fleet suffers much heavier losses with different CGI shots to show this.

Great stuff. Just a shame that the actual ending to the story was less impressive and less well-thought-out. [/understatement]

Battlestar Galactica: The Battle of the Resurrection Ship
Season 2, Episode 12: Resurrection Ship, Part 2
Airdate: 13 January 2006

Battlestar Galactica used many of the tricks, skills and even same artists who worked on the CGI for Babylon 5, Star Trek and Firefly, so by the time they started work on that show they were already old hands. The result was a show that used its CG brazenly and with confidence from day one, with (more or less) Newtonian physics and the use of "more realistic" bullets and missiles rather than lasers. They also inherited Firefly's "documentary in space" feel, with crash-zooms and occasionally going out of focus.

There were some great dogfights in the first two seasons, but the quality of the battles took an upswing in this episode, when the battlestars Galactica and Pegasus team up to take down the mysterious Cylon "resurrection ship". The battle, one of the first to truly look glorious in high definition, is a backdrop to the drama as Lee Adama faces a moment of nihilistic contemplation and Admiral Cain and Commander Adama have to consider whether to proceed with their plans to kill one another or not. It's an interesting, non-triumphant way of approaching the battle with its cold cut from the preceding scene to the battle already being underway and the camera cutting away from the moment where the battlestars destroy a Cylon basestar outright (the first time they do so in a fair fight in the series).

Battlestar Galactica: The Battle of New Caprica
Season 3, Episode 4: Exodus, Part 2
Airdate: 20 October 2006

For the conclusion of its four-part "New Caprica" arc, BSG faced a problem. It had created the ultimate hostage scenario, with over 40,000 civilians trapped under Cylon occupation on the colony of New Caprica. The Galactica and Pegasus have escaped with skeleton crews and only a few of their fighter squadrons (most of the pilots still being on the ground). Our protagonists have to orchestrate a rebellion against the Cylon ground forces and engage and draw off at least two basestars in orbit whilst 40,000 civilians escape. A tall order and Admiral Adama has to come up with a badass, unexpected way of doing so. Cue the most memorable moment in the series (in any series): "All hands, brace for turbulence."

Star Trek: The Battle of the Mutara Nebula
Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan
Release date: 4 June 1982

A strong contender for the #1 spot. Admiral Kirk on the Enterprise and Khan Noonian Singh on the captured Reliant face off for the last time. Several things make this battle work so well. There's a lumbering sense of scale with these huge ships taking time to make turns, pass, reverse course and so on. They also need to strategically manoeuvre and place themselves to get the best firing angles (Kirk gains the upper hand after Khan, more used to fighting land battles on Earth, fails to properly appreciate the 3D nature of space). It feels more strategic. Other SF shows (including later Star Trek ones) tend to make the ships feel more like nimble fighters, which isn't always appropriate. More key is the fact that the two ships are actually pretty evenly matched. In fact, the larger Enterprise is probably slightly more powerful. It requires Khan to get the drop on Kirk and put him on the back foot. This is the key point the later attempts to match this battle (most notably in Nemesis and Into Darkness) ignore, as they prefer to have the Enterprise crew go up against someone in some gonzoid massive ship of mega-death, which is simply excruciatingly dull.

Star Trek: The Next Generation: Defending the Enterprise-C
Season 3, Episode 15: Yesterday's Enterprise
Airdate: 19 February 1990

Given its 178-episode, seven-season run it's surprising that Star Trek: The Next Generation didn't have more space battles. There were a few battles in the Klingon Civil War and the Enterprise would occasionally have to fire on alien ships which were either ridiculously inferior or, more frequently, would have no impact, but not much more than that. The highlights were the battles against the Borg, although they tended to end with the Borg victorious which wasn't so much fun. More annoying was that the most famous battle in Star Trek's history, the Battle of Wolf 359, where forty Federation starships took on a Borg cube and were obliterated, took place off-screen. A small slice of the battle is seen in the Deep Space Nine pilot episode, Emissary, but a larger and more elaborate depiction of the battle was cut for time.

That leaves TNG's sole contribution to memorable space battles being one that happened in a parallel timeline. In this timeline, created when the Enterprise-C was flung twenty-two years forwards in time, the Federation is slowly being crushed by the Klingon Empire. Realising that the Enterprise-C can restore history to its proper place if it returns to the past, Captain Picard and the crew of the Enterprise-D have to buy time for their escape...easier said than done when three Klingon K'Vort-class battlecruisers are bearing down on them. The stage is set for a pretty impressive (for 1990) space battle, and one that gleefully takes advantage of its alternate universe setting to kill off regular characters. Sadly, the scene where Wesley Cruser is decapitated by debris (no, really) was cut at the scripting stage.

Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: The Defence of DS9
Season 4, Episode 1: The Way of the Warrior
Airdate: 2 October 1995

Deep Space Nine was The Next Generation's grittier and more conflict-driven spin-off, where negotiations were less assured of success and desperate phaser exchanges more commonplace. There was less potential for space battles at first, with the DS9 station being too large and powerful for single ships to attack and the crew's runabout shuttles being too small and weedy to take on larger ships, but in the second and third seasons the threat of the Dominion emerges and the station prepares for war. Ironically, it isn't the Dominion who are the first force to stage a full-scale attack on the station (that will come almost two seasons later) but the Federation's own erstwhile allies, the Klingons. Manipulated by the Dominion into attacking the Cardassians and then enraged when Sisko's crew rescues the Cardassian government and proves they aren't Dominion shapeshifters, the Klingons stage a massive assault on DS9 that doesn't entirely go to plan.

Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: Operation Return
Season 6, Episode 6: The Sacrifice of Angels
Airdate: 3 November 1997

By its sixth season DS9 was struggling to produce the effects needed to match the script needs. With full-scale war raging between the Federation/Klingon alliance and the Dominion, more episodes required effects shots featuring entire fleets of ships. Motion control was poor at producing such shots in a timely fashion (earlier episodes used toys and even drawings in the far background of such shots), so the producers finally threw their hands up and embraced CGI, even calling on the ex-Babylon 5 CGI team at Foundation Imaging to assist. Sacrifice of Angels, which depicts the Federation attempting to retake Deep Space Nine from the Dominion (who had captured it at the end of the fifth season), features the biggest space battle in Star Trek's entire history: 600 Starfleet vessels, later joined by (at least) 200 Klingon warships, mount a frontal assault on 1,200 Dominion and Cardassian ships.

Its not just the sheer size or impressive (for the time) CGI which sells the battle, it's the use of tactics. If earlier Trek battles drew on naval inspiration, this one is based on Napoleonic field engagements, with fighters used as skirmishers to break up enemy formations and allow cavalry (the heavier starships) to slip in and destroy the enemy. There's also the use of the unwieldy size of the enemy fleet, and the Federation bringing more of its heavier guns to bear against the enemy's weak spots, allowing them to gain overwhelming local superiority and threaten to trigger a rout of the entire line. It doesn't work entirely as well in three-dimensional space, but it's another battle where some thought has gone into how it works.

Star Wars: The Battle of Yavin
Episode IV: A New Hope
Release date: 25 May 1977

There's not much to say about this one, is there? In 1977 audiences were blown away by this lengthy battle sequence, inspired by WWII movies like The Battle of Britain and The Dambusters, where the X-wing and Y-wing fighters mount a desperate attack on the Death Star. It still looks good now, although the fighters are a little stiff compared to how they move around in later films and TV. But given this was all pre-CGI, it's very impressive with a great use of tension and music.

Of course, George Lucas tinkered with the battle in the 1997 special edition of the film by introducing new CGI shots. These shots stick out like a sore thumb and the ships now move around too chaotically. It also feels fairly arbitrary on when a new shot is shoved in or an old one is left out. A better argument could be made for completely redoing the whole sequence in CGI or simply leaving it alone rather than this weird, distracting hybrid version which doesn't really satisfy anyone.

And my pick for the top spot:

Star Wars: The Battle of Endor
Episode VI: Return of the Jedi
Release date: 25 May 1983

The best space battle evaaah? Quite possibly. This battle shows how much Lucasfilm learned in six years since Episode IV, with some hugely impressive shots, a lot more movement in the ships and a great variety in design. The battle features designs from the two previous films (X-wings, TIE fighters, Star Destroyers) and also new ships, such as the ever-popular A-wings, TIE interceptors and Mon Calamari Star Cruisers. The designers took a leaf out of real history here, where large-scale battles feature many different designs at work (fifteen different fighter and bomber classes took part in the Battle of Midway, for example). A shame they couldn't find a satisfying way of filming the B-wings though, who disappear after the opening shots.

There's also some good tactics here. Once the Death Star becomes operational the Rebels charge the Imperial fleet, where the Death Star can't fire without hitting their own ships. Whilst expecting to get chewed up, the Rebels actually do a great job here of blowing up Star Destroyers and taking down the Imperial flagship fairly comfortably (a lucky A-wing kamikaze notwithstanding).

The battle is also completely filmed with motion-controlled models with no CGI whatsoever, which is jaw-dropping. And it's also insanely quotable thanks to the presence of Admiral Ackbar, the most grizzled alien fish-man space admiral in history.

Saturday, 21 March 2015

A previously unpublished interview with Iain M. Banks

Strange Horizons have published a previously unreleased interview with the late Iain M. Banks. The interview was conducted in 2010 and focuses on the Culture, the signature SF setting of so many of Banks's novels. It was carried out by former student Jude Roberts as part of her PhD.

A brief extract:
The way the Culture came about initially was as—I thought at the time—a single-use solution to a particular problem. I was getting ready to write Use of Weapons and I knew that Zakalwe was this sort of ultimate warrior guy, just very martially able, but I wanted him to be on the side of the good guys somehow. Squaring that circle was the problem, so I came up with the idea of the Culture as his ultimate employers: a society basically on the side of the angels but willing to use people like Zakalwe (utopia spawning few warriors, as the later-written poem says) to do its dirty but justified work. The "justified" bit always having something to do with statistics; from the beginning the Culture had to be able to prove—rather than simply assert—that it was generally doing the right thing, even when it interfered without permission in other societies. That was it, initially, but then the Culture proved to be the nucleus around which all my other until then rather nebulous ideas started to cluster and take shape, and it just developed—naturally, it felt—by itself, from there.

The full interview is very much worth reading for any fan of Banks, space opera or SF in general.

GAME OF THRONES Season 5 Premiere report

On Wednesday evening I had the fortune of being able to attend the world premiere of Season 5 of Game of Thrones. The event was held at the Tower of London, which was surrounded by bonfires and had dragons projected onto its walls for the occasion.

It was a pretty cold evening, but it was fun. After the screening there was an after-party with the requisite amount of Iron Throne-sitting fans and journalists trying to get pics of the stars. Fun stuff.

Still, the main event was the episode itself. HBO aired The Wars to Come, the first episode of the season. In traditional fashion for the series this was a catching-up episode which recapped where the characters were from last season and set up storylines and elements for the season to come. It certainly wasn't a quiet episode though, with one major character (not dead in the books yet) biting it, some dragon action, some throats cut and a metric ton of nudity. However, this time out the nudity was almost entirely restricted on male characters. There's also a sexposition scene (this time focusing on the geography of Dorne, rather weirdly) that is nearly the inverse of the much-ridiculed Season 1 scene from Littlefinger's brothel. I guess the writers finally got the memos the fanbase has been sending in for the past few years. There was even one scene which I suspect was a homage to the Austin Powers movies.

Season 5 starts off pretty confidently, with some huge set pieces, ambitious effects and some excellent-played dramatic exchanges. Some minor characters last seen in Season 2 show up again, which was a relief as they were needed for the stories getting going here, and there was some reasonable integration of new material with stuff from the book. The episode felt off in a couple of ways: one character should clearly have been present but the actor was unavailable, so there's some script fudging to try to work around that. Some other characters have been renamed from their book counterparts for no immediately discernible reason and there's already evidence that A Feast for Crows and A Dance with Dragons are going to be streamlined - possibly quite ruthlessly - to fit most of them into this season.

Overall, this was good stuff and hints that this may be the strongest season yet...but book purists are definitely going to have a rough time of it.

Wednesday, 18 March 2015

Lois McMaster Bujold confirms new VORKOSIGAN novel for 2016

Lois McMaster Bujold has confirmed that a new Vorkosigan Saga novel will arrive next year.

However, rather than being another adventure for Miles, the new book will focus on his mother Cordelia. The new book will be entitled Gentleman Jole and the Red Queen, and will be published in February 2016. 2016 also marks the 30th anniversary of the publication of the first three Vorkosigan novels, Shards of Honour, The Warrior's Apprentice and Ethan of Athos, and Bujold has indicated this will be celebrated with the new book.
I am pleased to report that a new Cordelia Vorkosigan novel has been sold to Baen Books for publication, tentatively, in February of 2016.

The title is Gentleman Jole and the Red Queen.

It is not a war story. It is about grownups.

And that is probably all I ought to say right now in a venue read by the spoiler-sensitive. It is, after all, a long haul till next February.

2016 will also mark the 30th anniversary of my first publication by Baen, which ought to be good for a little PR fun.

Fan-made TERMINATOR trailer better than real thing

There's a new Terminator film out in a couple of months, but I've so far avoided learning anything about it because it seemed about as needed as a new outbreak of diphtheria. This may have been a mistake, because it looks gloriously nutty, revelling in the insanely convoluted backstory of the previous films. This fan trailer is not only funny, but it kind of actually makes sense (almost) of the history outlined in the first three films (but wisely ignoring Salvation, like the rest of humankind).

Both the serious and fan trailers hint at the natural endpoint of the Terminator franchise: a universe in which SkyNet and the rebels have sent back Terminators to all points of history to kill all of the ancestors of the Connors going back to single-celled organisms. The result is a place where there are millions of Arnies occupying all points of the space/time continuum, fighting one another with shotguns. Forever.

Tuesday, 17 March 2015

HBO moot a longer run for GAME OF THRONES

HBO set the internet alight this week when programming president Michael Lombardo indicated he would be happy for Game of Thrones (about to start airing its fifth season) to last for ten years, rather than the seven currently favoured by the production team. He then added that this would only be possible if showrunners David Benioff and D.B. Weiss were up for it, and if they wanted to end the show earlier to preserve its quality, he would back them up.

Weiss and Benioff's position is that they don't want Thrones to outstay its welcome and "strangle the golden goose." When the show was in its planning stages they suggested that the show could last for up to 90 episodes, possibly when HBO was considering the possibility of 12 or 13 episodes per season. However, later on they committed more forcefully to seven seasons, indicating that a 70-episode run concluding in 2017 might be the current plan. Benioff and Weiss added further credence to this by signing a deal with Fox for their first post-Thrones project, a feature film based on the novel Dirty White Boys by Stephen Hunter. This makes more sense if they envisage getting to this project in two to three years rather than in another five or more.

However, a previously-identified obstacle to the show going longer than seven years has recently been removed. Contractual negotiations between HBO and the cast were concluded last year and seem to have secured many castmembers for potentially several more seasons beyond the fifth. Previously it was thought that negotiations taking place during or after the seventh season could be comprehensively more expensive, perhaps to the point of making the show unaffordable. These early negotiations seem to have secured significant pay rises for the core cast, but not as much as HBO would had to have spent another two years down the line.

That said, Thrones actors are continuing to line up other projects. Kit Harington (Jon Snow) recently starred in the well-received film Testament of Youth, Emilia Clarke (Daenerys Targaryen) has followed in her Thrones co-star Lena Headey's footsteps by being cast as Sarah Connor in the new Terminator movies (and possibly the mooted spin-off TV show) and Sophie Turner (Sansa Stark) has been cast as the young Jean Grey in X-Men: Apocalypse. At the moment these projects can be slotted in around the Thrones shooting schedule, but as time goes on the actors may want to spread their wings further.

Entertainment Weekly have made a wiser bet by suggesting that the show will indeed still finish after seven seasons, but the final season will be a double-length one split in half with the two sections airing six or twelve months apart. HBO previously used this model for The Sopranos and AMC also recently exploited it for the final seasons of both Breaking Bad and Mad Men. This would effectively give the show eight seasons and potentially 80 episodes to wrap up the story, getting close to the producers' originally-mooted 90 episode plan.

One idea suggested by some fans and executives at HBO and endorsed by George R.R. Martin would be to have the series end with a feature film. However, Lombardo and the TV producers have apparently been more sceptical of this idea, feeling it would be unfair to force viewers already paying a premium to pay out even more money to watch the conclusion in the cinema. There is also likely some concern over the fact that previous HBO series Deadwood and Rome were supposed to wrap-up with further projects - a mini-series event for the former and a full-scale movie for the latter - but these never materialised through scheduling and budgeting issues, and for the tightly-serialised Thrones mishandling the ending would be a disaster.

There is, of course, a very good reason why HBO is keen for more Thrones. Game of Thrones is HBO's most successful-ever TV series, dwarfing the enviable success of even The Sopranos and True Blood, and is the biggest television drama show on the planet right now, drawing vast numbers of subscribers, international distribution deals (HBO's recently-renewed partnership with Sky in the UK could fund almost four seasons of Thrones by itself) and merchandising profits. The budget-per-season of Game of Thrones now comfortably exceeds $70 million, with some reports suggesting that HBO have relaxed previously strictly-held budgetary limits for the fifth season and a resulting increase in scenes of massive spectacle more commonly associated with movies. Benioff and Weiss have admitted that physical production time is now a bigger problem than money, with one scene in the new scene taking more than two weeks to film by itself. All of these indicate that the money Thrones brings in hugely outweighs its costs. HBO might not want to strangle the golden goose, but these also don't want it flying off before it's work is done.

One possibility would be for HBO to consider a spin-off project, set in the world of Westeros before or after the events of Thrones but which could be made with a whole new production team and cast. George R.R. Martin already has source material they could use. Since 1998 he has intermittently been writing the Tales of Dunk and Egg prequel novellas, with three stories published so far and a fourth mooted, with Martin saying potentially there could be a dozen of them. These stories begin eighty-nine years before the events of Thrones and chronicle the adventures of Ser Duncan the Tall and his squire, Egg. Some of the stories are small in scale, whilst others are larger and feature the duo brushing shoulders with important historical characters. Existing Thrones characters would barely be featured - Maester Aemon (from Castle Black) is referenced and Walder Frey appears as a very young child - and a TV series version would likely be both considerably cheaper (due to the smaller scale) and more episodic than Thrones. Such a series would also allow for a mixture of episodes based on novellas and others being all-new material. However, HBO may conclude that such a series would be too far removed from the existing characters to carry the same kind of audience.

Possibly more appealing to HBO would be a direct prequel, chronicling Robert's Rebellion and featuring younger actors taking on the roles of Eddard Stark, Robert Baratheon and Tywin Lannister. This would tie much more directly in with the existing Thrones series. However, George R.R. Martin has said he is not very interested in developing this story since he feels everything important about the rebellion will be revealed in the novels and all a prequel novel or TV series would do is just join up the dots. HBO also does not have the rights to either Dunk and Egg or any other Westeros-set material other than the novels themselves, so would only be able to proceed if Martin agrees with whatever project they are considering.

Another option could be a show structured like Fargo or HBO's own True Detective, which follows one cast and story for each season (potentially with each season having different writers and cast) and jumps around in the world and history. This is an increasingly popular model and it would be interesting to see if HBO could pull it off in a fantasy series.

An alternate option would be a theatrical film or trilogy, possibly based on a backstory event like Aegon Targaryen's original conquest of the Seven Kingdoms or the civil war known as the Dance of Dragons. These conflicts featured large amounts of action involving dragons, which would likely be beyond even a HBO TV show's budget.

Potentially more likely than any of these would be a new series drawing on Martin's work, but not A Song of Ice and Fire specifically. Martin has a development deal with HBO and there has been some well-founded speculation that a TV series based on Martin's Haviland Tuf character (from Tuf Voyaging) has been discussed. Martin's most popular non-Ice and Fire work is the vampire novel Fevre Dream, featuring vampires on the Mississippi during the Civil War era. It's been optioned for film several times and fans have suggested Ron Donachie (the late Ser Rodrik Cassel from Thrones) for the role of Captain Abner Marsh. However, HBO may want a few more years to elapse from True Blood before going back to the vampire genre once again.

The gold standard work of Martin's that would be most suitable for a new TV series is of course Wild Cards. A story of morally-conflicted people given either superpowers or debilitating deformities in the wake of an alien virus arriving on Earth, it is a perfect fit for HBO. There is an immense amount of source material (22 books available, a 23rd on its way) and creative firepower to draw upon (several of the short story writers, including Paul Cornell and Melinda Snodgrass, are veterans of TV scriptwriting), not to mention the fact that superheroes are still very popular. Wild Cards would be pitch-perfect for HBO's inevitable take on the genre. Wild Cards was optioned by SyFy a few years ago for a potential film, but this has failed to materialise and the rights will likely be up for grabs in the next few years.

Whatever the situation, HBO are going to be hard-pressed to find something that matches the success of Thrones. The only possibly big, crowd-pleasing show they have in the planning stages is Foundation, based on Isaac Asimov's novels, but even that may be hard-pressed to even come close to the appeal of Thrones. It'll be interesting to see what they produce as a follow-up, and if it will also be drawn from George R.R. Martin's work.

Thursday, 12 March 2015

Three new STAR WARS films to be released within 18 months of each other

The next three Star Wars movies will be released within 18 months of one another.

Star Wars Episode VII: The Force Awakens is still on track for release on 18 December 2015. The first Star Wars live-action spin-off movie now has a title, Star Wars: Rogue One, and a release date of 16 December 2016. This will then be followed by Star Wars Episode VIII, which now has a release date of 26 May 2017, forty years and one day after the release of the original Star Wars movie back in 1977.

Rogue One will star Felicity Jones (Oscar-nominated for her role in The Theory of Everything) in a so-far unnamed role. It will be written by Chris Weitz (American Pie, About a Boy, Antz, The Golden Compass) and directed by Gareth Edwards (Monsters, Godzilla). Rumours previously suggested this film may be set between the events of Revenge of the Sith and A New Hope and may involve a heist, leading to the discovery of the Death Star. However, the title of the film may also refer to the commander of Rogue Squadron, an elite formation of X-wing fighter pilots founded by Luke Skywalker but later taken over by Wedge Antilles.

Star Wars Episode VIII will follow on from the events of Episode VII but J.J. Abrams is not returning as director. Instead, Rian Johnson (Looper, Brick, The Brothers Bloom and several episodes of Breaking Bad) will direct and write.

Episode IX is tentatively pencilled in for 2019, with possibly two further stand-alone films to be released in 2018 and 2020. Whether the moving up of Episode VIII by six months will also bring forward the rest is unclear. What is clear is that if you're a Star Wars fan, things are going to get very interesting over the next few years.

RIP Sir Terry Pratchett

Sir Terry Pratchett, one of the most well-known and talented authors in the world, has passed away at the age of 66.

Pratchett published his first novel, The Carpet People, in 1971. This was followed by two adult SF novels (both with somewhat comic/absurdist undertones): The Dark Side of the Sun in 1976 and Strata in 1981. The latter, mildly riffing on Larry Niven's Ringworld books, was set on a mysterious flat planet floating in space. Intrigued by the idea, Pratchett recast the flat planet as the setting for an epic fantasy satire riffing off Tolkien, Dungeons and Dragons, Fritz Leiber's Lankhmar books and Robert E. Howard. The Colour of Magic was published in 1983 and rapidly gained popularity, outselling his earlier books several times over. He released an eagerly-awaited sequel, The Light Fantastic in 1985. Starting in 1987 he began writing two novels a year, most of them set on the so-called Discworld. The 40th book in the series, Raising Steam, was published in 2013. Pratchett had just completed the 41st book in the series, The Shepherd's Crown, when he passed away. It will be published this autumn.

As well as the Discworld series, Pratchett wrote numerous books for younger readers, including The Bromeliad, The Johnny Maxwell Trilogy, Nation and Dodger. He also co-wrote the classic fantasy novel Good Omens with Neil Gaiman (who speaks on his passing here), and recently completed the four-volume Long Earth SF series with Stephen Baxter. He also worked on numerous works of non-fiction, including The Science of Discworld series. His final count was 57 novels, 9 significant works of non-fiction, 2 collections (one of fiction, one of non-fiction), 2 picture books for children and a huge number of further tie-in books and editions.

Six of the Discworld novels have been adapted for television (two in animation), whilst The Bromeliad was adapted as the stop-motion animated TV series Truckers in the 1990s. Two of the Johnny Maxwell books have also been adapted by the BBC. Several novels had been optioned by Hollywood, but Pratchett later bought back the rights to prevent inferior adaptations being made. A TV series based on the City Watch Discworld novels had been in development for several years at the time of Pratchett's passing, along with a film version of Good Omens.

Terry Pratchett was also a noted video gamer, citing Tomb Raider, Half-Life 2 and Thief as among his favourite games. His daughter Rihanna later became lead writer on the recent Tomb Raider reboot games (among others).

In December 2007 Pratchett announced that he was suffering from early-onset Alzheimer's. He documented his battle with the disease publicly, through numerous interviews, articles and a two-part television documentary, Living with Alzheimer's. Pratchett's concern about losing his faculties led to becoming a campaigner on behalf of the assisted suicide movement, and in 2011 he presented a new documentary called Choosing to Die which publicised the issue. Despite his disease, Pratchett continued writing with the help of his assistant and dictation software. Remarkably, he wrote or co-wrote a further nine novels after his diagnosis.

According to his publisher, Pratchett passed away at home from complications related to his Alzheimer's, surrounded by his family and pets. His daughter Rihanna tweeted the following:


Terry took Death's arm and followed him through the doors and on to the black desert under the endles night.

The End

Sir Terry Pratchett sold well over 85 million books in 33 languages and was the winner of multiple awards, including the Andre Norton, Locus and Carnegie. He received nine honourary doctorates and was made an OBE in 1998 for "services to literature" (he later joked this service was in recognition of not writing any). He was knighted in 2009 for his charity work and contribution to raising awareness of Alzheimer's.

The world of science fiction and fantasy is a much, much poorer place now, but Sir Terry leaves behind a formidable body of work that will be enjoyed by millions for generations to come.